Human Rights
Published by the Human Right Commission
P.O .Box 5045, Wellington.


Article 12
1. Everyone lawfully within the territory of a State shall, within that territory, have the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose his residence.

2.  Everyone shall be free to leave any country, including his own.

3.  The above-mentioned rights shall not be subjected to any restrictions except those which are provided by law, are necessary to protect national security, public order (ordre public), public health or morals or the rights and freedoms of others, and are consistent with the other rights recognized in the present Covenant.

4.  No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of the right to enter his own country.

Article 16.

  • (1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
  • (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
  • (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17.

  • (1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
  • (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.


Chinese Year of the Rabbit

See: Rabbit brand

Human Rights Commission

 Letter from the Human Rights  Commissioner

InfoLine 0800 496 877 (toll free)

Fax: 09 377 3593 (Attn: InfoLine)
Email: (for general enquiries)
TXT 0210 236 4253
TTY (teletypewriter)

access number: 0800 150 111

The Treaty of Waitangi was signed on the 6th February 1840, and was an agreement between "the Fighting Chiefs" of New Zealand and Queen Victoria of England, that once a Human Right had been established, it could not be taken away.



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