All through the 1990's there was intense competition between Netscape and Microsoft to win the browser war. Microsoft would release their latest version, always free, and shortly afterwards Netscape would release theirs. Microsoft released IE (Internet Explorer) and were always one number ahead until Netscape skipped a number and began releasing their next browser ahead of Microsoft. Then (in Netscape Navigator 2) Netscape included JavaScript.
We all know that Tim Burners Lee invented the internet, but how come then, that JavaScript was owned by SUN Microsystems, which Microsoft was forced to acknowledge as a result of their (Microsoft's) loss to Sun in court, and Sun was sold to Oracle for US$7.4 billion in 2010?

Netscape Navigator is a discontinued proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.[2] This was primarily due to the increased use of Microsoft's Internet Explorer web browser software, and partly because the Netscape Corporation (later purchased by AOL) did not sustain Netscape Navigator's technical innovation after the late 1990s.[3]

The business demise of Netscape was a central premise of Microsoft's antitrust trial, wherein the Court ruled that Microsoft Corporation's bundling of Internet Explorer with the Windows operating system was a monopolistic and illegal business practice. The decision came too late for Netscape, however, as Internet Explorer had by then become the dominant web browser in Windows.

The Netscape Navigator web browser was succeeded by the Netscape Communicator suite in 1997. Netscape Communicator's 4.x source code was the base for the Netscape-developed Mozilla Application Suite, which was later renamed SeaMonkey.[4] Netscape's Mozilla Suite also served as the base for a browser-only spinoff called Mozilla Firefox.

Sun vs. Microsoft

In October 1997, Sun Microsystems, the creator of Java, sued Microsoft for incompletely implementing the Java 1.1 standard.[4]

In January 2001, Sun and Microsoft settled the suit. Microsoft paid Sun $20 million and the two agreed to a plan for Microsoft to phase out products that included the older version of Microsoft Java that allegedly infringed on Sun's Java copyrights and trademarks.

The Microsoft Java Virtual Machine was discontinued in 2003 in response to the Sun Microsystems lawsuit. Microsoft continued to offer support until December 31, 2007.[5]


BitCom communication software

BitCom is a general purpose communication system. It can be used for calling other computers, allowing other computers to call you, or just as a phone list database.

File Size: 103.13 KB
Download BitCom software from this site. It doesn't look as though all the files are there, but there is a full list here:

My copy of BitCom software came with my modem from the USA in late 1990. A friend bought it for me and the documentation said it was provided free by the modem manufacturer, meaning that the modem manufacturer had paid BitCom, whose address was listed in the manual as BIT Software, Inc. 830Hillview Court, Suite 160 Milpltas, CA 95035. Copyright, BIT Software, Inc. 1984-1989. All rights reserved. The cover of the manual, about  52 pages, wasprinted in our colours: red, orange, royal blue and silver. I distinctly remember choosing the colours deliberately because silver was not the most common colour to source, and royaal blue is owned by the royal family and can only be used with permission. They are my partners in my browser business and receive 20% of sales or 20 pounds per copy.
Since BIT Software never paid me anything, I still own copyright, and I'm legally entitled to payment. I'm not even aware how much the modem manufacturers paid per copy.
My copyright is asserted by the fact that the manual was archived using a .arc file extension, which I personally developed. Chapter four, additional features, describes how script and action  files can be used. to create an automatic log for frequently called numbers. Instructions are contained in the file SCRIPT.TXT.
"This is part of the archieved file MANUAL.ARC. See Chapter One for instructions on printing this file. You should not attempt to create or edit a script or action file without this documentation."

At the end of the list of files in the BitCom software there is a comment about the spelling of the word archived as 'archieved'. This is a deliberate mistake by the author to protect copyright.

This from my JavaScript tutorial, link on the index page.

What's the difference between Java and JavaScript?
Java is completely different from JavaScript-It's a lot more powerful, more complex, and unfortunately, a lot harder to master. It belongs in the same league as C, C++, and other more complex languages. Also, you need to compile a Java program before you can run it, whereas with JavaScript, no compilation is needed-simply open up a text editor, type it, save it, and your browser is ready to run it!

Can my JavaScript programs run on both Netscape and Internet Explorer browsers?
Unfortunately, not necessarily. JavaScript was created by Netscape, so it is most compatible with Netscape. Internet Explorer 4.x supports 99% of what JavaScript has to offer, although IE 3.x is not quite as adorable. A good rule to follow is to always test your codes using both browsers before uploading it onto the internet. You will be surprised how many websites fail to do this, annoying surfers and not even realizing that their scripts are going haywire behind their backs! (this might pertain to me too)

Sun-1 Badge.jpg
Original Sun Microsystems logo, as used on the nameplate of the Sun-1 workstation

One possible explanation is the problem programmers (coders)) were having with the original 8088 series of IBM chips. If you go the Starman's web site

As you can see, Segment F000: is embedded inside this instruction, thus the reason its location is often referenced as F000:FFF0. Although the location of this far jump instruction is essentially 'set in stone' for all PC BIOS, it's not a requirement that where it jumps to next always be the same; yet every PC BIOS we've ever examined always jumps to "F000:E05B".

Of the twelve IBM engineers assigned to create the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150), David J. Bradley[7] developed the code for its BIOS. So he's the one who, among all its other details, decided where in Memory the BIOS would place and execute the code from the first sector of the IBM PC's first floppy diskette's Boot Record. The location he chose was 0x7C00 (or 0000:7C00 in Segment:Offset notation). Unlike the first 'jump address' mentioned above (to Offset 0xE05B), later BIOS authors could not have chosen a different location in Memory for loading the initial bootstrap routines without having their code become incompatible with existing boot diskettes! So IBM (and all the PC-clone companies which followed) continued to use that same location in Memory for their hard disk drive's Master Boot Records (MBRs).


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